變動中的勞動市場
Labor Market in the Move

頁數:229-255

作者:黃冠穎、游玉卿、李孟壕

Author:Huang Kuang-Ying, You Yu-Qing, Li Meng-Hao

關鍵詞:資訊社會、勞動市場、低度就業

Keywords:Information Society, Labor market, Underemployment

中文摘要:

資訊與技術的革命,不但造成了生產及工作的改變,與經濟全球化的事實,亦引領著世界進入了資訊社會的時代。許多學者論述,資訊社會將導致全球經濟市場與勞動力市場的不相稱,亦會造成勞動力市場的技能以及薪資的極化,女性的工作的機會與待遇將更加惡化,甚至被視為產業後備軍的角色。研究發現,台灣在進入資訊社會的當下,與先進國家有類似的製造業與服務業的消長關係。在製造業部份,初級與傳統製造業大量外移,呈現另類“產業升級“狀態;服務業中也大量增加了低技能屬性的工作;而女性在資訊社會中的就業狀況亦沒有改善,不平等的結構則是更加的強化。


Abstract:

The revolution of information technology has been recognized to bring out the change of the production, occupational structure and quality of work. However, many scholars had pessimistically argued that its development will increase job mismatch and polarize the labor market.(This study used a second hand data from The Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics of the Executive Yuan ). The results suggest, in the manufacture sector, there is an obvious trend of moving abroad to get cheaper labor. In the service sector, an increase of low-pay, low-skilled work is found. In general, this study found that female workers did not benefit from the new technological paradigm.