數位落差再定義與衡量指標之研究
Redefining the Digital Divide and Its Measurement

頁數:89-124

作者:李孟壕、曾淑芬

Author:Li, Meng-Hao & Tseng, Shu-Fen

關鍵詞:知識鴻溝、科技傳佈、傳播基礎架構論、資源論、馬太效應

Keywords:Knowledge Gap Theory, Communication Infrastructure, Resources Theory, Matthew Effect

中文摘要:

過去研究數位落差議題通常以知識鴻溝理論為基礎,因此大多著重在「接近使用」的定義與研究,相較於資訊科技所具備的多樣特性,這樣的解釋可能有所侷限。因此,本文的主要研究問題在於釐清「數位落差」這個字義應該包含哪些概念?應該如何的被測量?研究中,以探索性因素分析、驗證性因素分析檢測題目是否可信,以及是否有效,並且探討社會階層與數位落差之間的關係,得出衡量數位落差四個潛在變項分別為「資訊近用」、「資訊技術」、「網路素養」、「工作溝通性」,而這四個潛在變項總共有19個觀察變項,將各指標進行基本配適標準、整體模式配合度、以及模式內在品質的考驗,研究結果接受這個模式大致是接近於理想中的模式,並且具備有良好的建構信度與收斂效度,因此,數位落差這個概念利用這些指標來衡量是可行的。另外,在社會階層的部分,優劣勢的個人社經地位會影響網路接取以及數位落差,特別是教育的部分。

Abstract:

There are two research questions in this article. First of all, I would try to redefine Digital Divide and develop measurements. For constructing measurement's reliability and validity, this article uses Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Second, I would compare with new means of Digital Divide and Knowledge Gap Theory. Exploring whether the information class is related to the social class. In my result, Digital Divide includes four latent variables. They are Information Access, Information Skill, Network Literary, and Work Communication. Subsequently, I use these latent variables to explore relationship between social class and Digital Divide Index. Result, soco-econmonic statues can direct effect Digital Divide Index. So we know that if we want to understand new social inequality in the information society, we must distinct what is Digital Divide and how I can measure them?

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