議會網站評估架構之初探：以台北市議會和上海市人大為例Preliminary Study on Evaluation Framework for Parliament Websites: the Cases of Taipei City Council and Shanghai People's Assembly
Keywords：electronic government, electronic parliament, information transparency, Taipei City Council, Shanghai People's Assembly
Since the 1990s, countries around the world have been involved in promoting electronic government to apply information technology to daily operation of respective governments. Among them, the most symbolic development is the establishment of government websites in these countries. While the initial efforts were made on constructing websites for the executive branch, the focus was turned to those for the legislative branch later on. In fact, the websites for the legislative branch is no less important than those for the executive branch. It bears vital significance for democracies with regard to the contribution of legislature websites to enhance civic participation, improve quality of democratic process, and promote formation of civil society. Knowing that, this paper reflects on theory of representation in the information age and consults on research findings from major international organizations and scholars to establish a preliminary set of evaluation indicators. By this tentative framework, this paper conducts a pioneering study on examining websites of Taipei City Council and Shanghai People's Assembly, so that the fitness of this framework can be evaluated and the factors that resulting in legislature information transparency through official websites can be explored.