網際網路與紐約福州移民的聯誼會：一個網絡選美事件與家鄉記 憶的個案研究Internet and the Fellowship Association of the Fuzhou Migrants in New York: A Case Study of Miss Internet and Hometown Memory
Author：Shu-ju Chiu , Wei-an Chang
Keywords：Internet, Fellowship Association, Fuzhou Migrants, New York
With the mass outmigration to the United States in the past three decades, Fujianese migrants from Fuzhou region have been making their presence felt since the early 1980s and made East Broadway of Manhattan Chinatown in New York City their home in the U.S. They established hundreds of friendship associations (lianyihui 聯誼會) as clubhouses in Manhattan Chinatown, to network with their fellow emigrant village relatives and friends. They sought mutual spiritual, financial and legal support in these traditional Chinese organizations. In 2004, a young Fuzhou migrant established the website Fujianese.com. It appealed to the recent migrants and served as a social support mechanism for a peer group. This paper explores how the fellowship association of Fuzhounese in diaspora is under the influence of the Internet. The fellowship association of new Fujianese immigrants is largely based on hometown identification. Do the Internet users differ from the non-Internet users in their fellowship association? What is the difference between the traditional and virtual hometown associations in cultural identity construction and sub-ethnic mobilization? The authors will try to answer these questions by examining a Miss Internet event in 2005 and the hometown memory of Fuzhou migrants.