從Luhmann的系統理論看行動通訊中App的自我生產系統
The Self-Production of the App System from the perspective of Luhmann's Systems Theory

頁數:27-55

作者:鄭志文

Author:Chih-Wen Cheng

關鍵詞:行動應用程式、魯曼、系統理論、雙重偶然性、自我生產

Keywords:App, Niklas Luhmann, System Theory, double contingencies, autopoiesis

中文摘要:

本文從Luhmann的系統理論著手,透過對行動科技的初探性分析,藉由對手機與平板電腦特定平台上App系統的觀察,以理解其社會演化的意義。本文發現App系統做為社會次系統的內在結構有以下特點:首先,App系統與更大社會系統彼此共生,在資本主義的市場下,啟動了App次系統由社會系統中建立App平台、App開發,以及更重要的App下載使用的內在簡化原則。其次,這些原則在資本主義的市場下,藉由行動終端組成了自身的系統邊界和內在結構。第三,程式庫和下載量成為顯示系統活動的共同概念,格式化並「簡化」了系統環境的複雜性,也成為App系統的自我反身性。最後,這使得App系統成為自我維持,並且是個封閉的自我生產系統,而功能整合入社會系統。

Abstract:

Based on the perspective of Niklas Luhmann's Systems Theory, this paper
presents a preliminary analysis mainly on the App system of the mobile
the mobile communication. By observing on the so called App system, it
sets to understand the meaning of its social evolution. The study found
the internal structure of the App system, which activates as a social
sub-system, contains the following themes and features – firstly, the
App software and the broader social system heavily rely on each other,
therefore, within the existing market of capitalism, such
interdependence clearly enables the social system-based App sub-system
to establish the App platform, the App development, and even more
importantly, the simpli?ed internal principle of App ‘use and
download'. Secondly, credited to the mobile terminal, these set
principles in the capital market are able to construct a system
boundary and inner structure of its own. Thirdly, the
software (App) library and the amount of downloads become the common-theme
(shared-concept) to project the activities of the system. This (re)
formulates and simplifies the complexity of the original system environment
to form the self-re?exivity of App system. At last, such re?exivity
allows the App system to self-generate and maintain itself. Although its
functions may have been well-integrated into the social system, App system
discloses a close type of self-contained/self-production system.

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