我國博碩士論文不當引用與剽竊型態之研究: 以「科技接受模式」 相關論文之文獻探討為例
An Exploration of Improper Citations and Plagiarism Patterns of Theses and Dissertations inTaiwan: Taking the “Review of Literatures”As Examples

頁數:74-119

作者:陳祥、楊純青、黃伸閔

Author:Hsiang Chen, Chun-ching Yang, Shen-Min Huang

關鍵詞:合理使用、合理引用、學術倫理、學術正直、剽竊

Keywords:academic ethics, academic integrity, plagiarism, reasonable use, reasonable citations

中文摘要:

隨著時代的變遷,學術不誠實行為發生的情形越來越普遍,加上高科技時代網際網路的協助與數位化全文下載的取得容易,使得學生不當引用與剽竊行為的發生變得更加普遍。國內目前尚未有探討我國碩博士論文剽竊現象之相關研究,因此,本研究將以科技接受模式為例,探討我國碩博士論文於撰寫該模式文獻時所出現的不當引用與剽竊現象,並試圖將前述不當及剽竊行為歸類分析之。本研究結果發現如下:一、不當直接引用前人的文獻引用幾乎是產生論文文獻相互剽竊的主因,二、基於後續抄襲者係直接引用的抄襲行為,因而許多文獻上的錯誤會如世代相傳般綿延,無法得到更正的可能;三、數位化全文提供下載是推波助瀾近年博碩士論文作者更輕易相互抄襲。本研究建議教育部應自國民義
務教育至研究所階段貫徹對學子之學術作品應正確引用之教育涵化、落實鼓勵各大學校院發展運用防制抄襲之機制及軟體,並建議各大學校院對於有不當引用或剽竊行為之學生宜依據個案發生原因進行再教育或懲處。

Abstract:

Plagiarism, one of the academic integrity behaviors occurring on higher
education campus, becomes more serious with the aid of newer technology
and possible downloading of the digitalization of academic papers.
Therefore, it is worth to look into the plagiarism patterms in
the section of literature review in graduate students' theses. Based on
the theory of Davis' Technology Acceptance Model as the example, this
article analizes how plagiarism has been disseminated between theses and
theses over time and what kinds of plagiarism patterms have been formed.
Results indicates: 1. improper citations from previous theses' literature
review is the main pattern of the inter-theses plagiarism. 2. the errors
occurring in previous theses is inheireted to latter theses due to the
pattern of improperly direct citation of plagiarism. 3. whole theses
downloading propels the plagiarism motivation and creates the reciprocal
phenomenon. Recommendations are proposed as following: 1. Ministry of
Education shall emphasize academic integrity throughout all the schooling
phases; 2. Ministry of Education shall essentially support Taiwan's
universities and colleges to develop anti-plagiarism technics or software
to cope the problem; 3.Universities and colleges should respond to the
academic dishonest behaviors, with re-education or punishment, by the
speci?c conditions of every case.