電子時代的現場表演：不同世代閱聽人「現場感」初探Live performance in a digital age: An exploration analysis for audience's perceptions of liveness
Keywords：Live performance, media culture, liveness , generation, audience
This study, drawing on the “liveness” concept of Auslander (2008), aimed to explore the audience's perception of liveness and the expected frame for live performance. In this study, we choose 30 audiences those had ever attend live and paid performance to be interviewees and hold 6 focus groups to collect interview data. For understanding the effect of media environment, the interviewees were divided into three generations according to the timing of emergence for digital technology: 1.digital generation (under 30 years old): those people who are growing up in a digital environment; 2. intermediate generation (31 to 50 years old): those people who are across the non-digital and digital technology era; 3.non-digital generation (above 51 years old): those people who are growing up in a non-digital environment. The research results revealed that Accidents including different versions of the singing, rhythm mistakes and out of tune are the main source of liveness for audiences in live performance . In expected frame for performance, digital generation tend to focus on performer's charisma and the atmosphere of participation; intermediate generation tend to focus on the stage effect; non-digital generation tend to focus on performer's voice.