恐怖電影的享樂感:混合情緒的觀點
The enjoyment of horror movies: The mixed emotions account

頁數:105-131

作者:林姿君、陶振超

Author:Tzu-Chun Lin, Chen-Chao Tao

關鍵詞:共同活化、混合情緒、恐怖電影

Keywords:coactivation, horror movies, mixed emotions

中文摘要:

觀看恐怖電影,為何會有享樂感?現有理論以媒介訊息所引發的效果(即恐懼)定義恐怖電影,也忽略人的內在心理機制,導致無法說明恐怖電影享樂感的來源。本文重新定義超自然、生命威脅、及場景為恐怖電影的三項內容特徵,並提出混合情緒的觀點。混合情緒以同時測得之正負面情緒值中「最小者」為操作型定義。實驗參與者觀看十六個恐怖電影片段,並蒐集情緒雙極量表、情緒單極量表、生理訊號、與享樂感。實驗結果發現超自然、生命威脅、及場景皆引發較強的混合情緒,及較佳的享樂感。結論指出混合情緒能解釋負面事件如何引發正面感受。

Abstract:

Why does the exposure to horror movies lead to enjoyment? Current theories tend to use the effect-based definition of horror movies and ignore psychological mechanisms underlying the processing of horror movies. As a result, these theories fail to interpret the source of the enjoyment of horror movies. This paper redefines horror movies in terms of the supernatural, life threat, and movie scene, and proposes that mixed emotion (the minimum of concurrent positive and negative emotions) can resolve the mist. Participants watched sixteen movie clips while bipolar valence, unipolar valence, physiological data, and enjoyment were collected. The findings showed that the supernatural, life threat, and movie scene significantly increased mixed emotions and enjoyment. It is concluded that mixed emotion may be able to explain why and how negative events lead to positive feelings.

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