網路同志運動的可能與不可能The Gay Right Movement in the Internet
Keywords：Internet, Gay rightness movement, Heterotopias
The main issue in this paper is the gay rightness movements in the internet, and discusses this dialectic question: What kinds of results will happen when the gay right movement turns its struggle field to Internet or cyberspace? Would the internet create new field for gay right movement and promote its influence to react heterosexual hegemony, or would Internet limit the possibility for the gay right movements because it will segregate the struggle field only in the virtual space?
In this paper's analysis, the gay rights movement in the internet has some advantages and limitations. The best advantages are anonymity. It helps gay community to adopt collective come out in the public and represent their subjectivity. Thus, Internet is like Foucault's concept of “heterotopias” and Fraser's concept of “subaltern counterpublics.” It will solidify identity within gay community on the one hand, and it also will develop dialogue opportunities between heterosexual and homosexual groups on the other hand. However, the internet still has some limits for gay rightness movements, such as “internet is like panopticon,” “one-dimensional interaction and monologue” and “cultural capital limits minorities assessment.”. In spite of some positive functions, the gay rightness movement in the internet is easily inclined to expressive movement which will decrease its conflict effect and ignore material struggle. The Internet offers the alternative channel for the gay right movement, but it's limits are stronger than its functions.